Photo of Yuan Xuan

Yuan Xuan

Assistant Professor

Affiliation(s):

  • Mechanical Engineering

106 Research Building East

yux19@psu.edu

814-865-2165

Personal or Departmental Website

Research Areas:

Energy Systems; Thermal/Fluid Sciences

Interest Areas:

Computational fluid dynamics, turbulent combustion, soot formation, numerical methods, uncertainty quantification.

 
 

 

Education

  • BS, Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, 2010
  • MS, Aeronautics and Aerospace Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 2011
  • MS, Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, 2011
  • Ph D, Aeronautical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 2014

Publications

Book, Chapters

  • Chowdhury Ashraf, Sharmin Shabnam, Yuan Xuan and Adrianus C van Duin, 2019, Application of ReaxFF reactive molecular dynamics and continuum methods in high temperature/pressure pyrolysis of fuel mixtures, Springer, pp. 161-185

Journal Articles

  • Hyunguk Kwon, Abhishek Jain, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "Numerical investigation of the pressure-dependence of yield sooting indices for n-alkane and aromatic species", Fuel, 254, (1), pp. 115574
  • Abhishek Jain and Yuan Xuan, 2018, "Effects of large aromatic precursors on soot formation in turbulent non-premixed sooting jet flames", Combustion Theory and Modeling, 23, (3), pp. 439-466
  • Anand Makwana, Abhishek Jain, Milton Linevsky, Suresh Iyer, Robert J Santoro, Thomas Litzinger, Yuan Xuan and Jacqueline O'Connor, 2018, "Experimental and numerical investigation of effects of premixing on soot processes in iso-octane co-flow flames", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 37, (1), pp. 1031-1039
  • Chowdhary Ashraf, Sharmin Shabnam, Abhishek Jain, Yuan Xuan and Adrianus C van Duin, 2018, "Pyrolysis of fuel mixtures at supercritical conditions: a ReaxFF molecular dynamics study", Fuel, 235, (1), pp. 194-207
  • Abhishek Jain, Dj D Das, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2018, "Experimental and numerical study of variable oxygen index effects on soot yield and distribution in laminar co-flow diffusion flames", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 37, (1), pp. 859-867
  • Charles S McEnally, Yuan Xuan, Peter St. John, Dj D Das, Abhishek Jain, Seonah Kim, Thomas A Kwan, Lance K Tan, Junqing Zhu and Lisa D Pfefferle, 2018, "Sooting tendencies of Co-Optima test gasolines and their surrogates", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 37, (1), pp. 961-968
  • Paulo Paes and Yuan Xuan, 2018, "Numerical investigation of turbulent kinetic energy dynamics in chemically-reacting homogeneous turbulence", Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, 101, (3), pp. 775–794
  • Chowdhary Ashraf, Abhishek Jain, Yuan Xuan and Adrianus C van Duin, 2017, "ReaxFF based molecular dynamics simulations of ignition front propagation in hydrocarbon/oxygen mixtures under high temperature and pressure conditions", Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 19, (7), pp. 5004-5017
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2016, "Two-dimensional flow effects on soot formation in laminar premixed flames", Combustion and Flame, 166, (1), pp. 113-124
  • Nicholas Burali, Simon Lapointe, Brock Bobbit, Guillaume Blanquart and Yuan Xuan, 2016, "Assessment of the constant non-unity Lewis number assumption in chemically-reacting flows", Combustion Theory and Modeling, 20, (4), pp. 1-26
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2015, "Effects of aromatic chemistry-turbulence interactions on soot formation in a turbulent non-premixed flame", Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 35, (2), pp. 1911-1919
  • Bruno Savard, Yuan Xuan, Brock Bobbit and Guillaume Blanquart, 2015, "A computationally-efficient, semi-implicit, iterative method for the time-integration of reacting flows with stiff chemistry", Journal of Computational Physics, 295, (1), pp. 740-769
  • Sidhartha Verma, Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2014, "An improved bounded semi-Lagrangian scheme for the turbulent transport of passive scalars", Journal of Computational Physics, 272, (1), pp. 1-22
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2014, "A flamelet-based a priori analysis on the chemistry tabulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in non-premixed flames", Combustion and Flame, 161, (6), pp. 1516-1525
  • Yuan Xuan, Guillaume Blanquart and Michael Edward Mueller, 2014, "Modeling curvature effects in diffusion flames using a laminar flamelet model", Combustion and Flame, 161, (5), pp. 1294-1309
  • Yuan Xuan and G. Blanquart, 2013, "Numerical modeling of sooting tendencies in a laminar co-flow diffusion flame", Combustion and Flame, 160, (9), pp. 1657-1666
  • Yuan Xuan, Abhishek Jain, Ro Lofti, N Nayir, Yuanxi Wang, Tanu Chatterjee, Samuel Wright, Joan M Redwing, Vincent H Crespi and Adrianus C van Duin, , "Multi-scale modeling of gas-phase reactions in metal-organic chemical vapor deposition growth of WSe2", Journal of Crystal Growth
  • Paulo K.L Paes, Yash G Shah, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, , "A scaling analysis for the evolution of small-scale turbulence eddies across premixed flame fronts and its implications on distributed combustion", Combustion Theory and Modeling

Conference Proceedings

  • Hyunguk Kwon, Matthew Montgomery, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "Reactive molecular dynamics simulations of the yield sooting indices of nitrogenated hydrocarbons", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Junqing Zhu, Hyunguk Kwon, Yuan Xuan, Charles S McEnally and Lisa D Pfefferle, 2019, "Experimental and theoretical study of the soot forming tendencies of furans as potential biofuels", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Paulo K.L Paes, Yash G Shah, Yuan Xuan and James G Brasseur, 2019, "Dynamically dominant inter-scale couplings in the nonlinear chemical source terms for species evolution in premixed 6 turbulent combustion with application to LES modeling", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Seonah Kim, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "Soot precursor formation from oxygenated aromatics: how oxygen functionality alters organic reaction pathways", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Hyunguk Kwon, Kuiwen Zhang, Scott Wagnon, William J Pitz, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "A numerical study on the sooting tendencies of Co-Optima bio-derived blendstocks", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Matthew Montgomery, Hyunguk Kwon, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "An experimental and computational study on the influence of ammonia during soot formation processes", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Simon Lapointe and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "Accelerating laminar flamelet calculations: application to sooting tendencies of co-flow diffusion flames", Proceedings of the 11th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Paulo K.L. Paes, Yash G Shah, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "Removing pollution in the Fourier space representation of non-periodic signals over finite domains", 2019 AIAA SciTech Meeting, pp. AIAA 2019-0903
  • Paulo K.L. Paes, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "Kinematic relationships between physical and Fourier space in premixed turbulent combustion for application to large-eddy simulation", 2019 AIAA SciTech Meeting, pp. AIAA 2019-2145
  • Paulo K.L. Paes, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2019, "A novel strategy to identify dynamically dominant inter-scale couplings for application to large-eddy simulation of premixed turbulent combustion", 2019 AIAA SciTech Meeting, pp. AIAA 2019-1644
  • Hyunguk Kwon, Charles S McEnally, Lisa D Pfefferle and Yuan Xuan, 2018, "Numerical investigation of pressure dependence of yield sooting tendencies", Proceedings of the Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Sharmin Shabnam, Chowdhary Ashraf, Abhishek Jain, Yuan Xuan and Adrianus C van Duin, 2018, "Pyrolysis of fuel mixtures at supercritical conditions: a ReaxFF molecular dynamics study", Proceedings of the Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Charles S McEnally, Brian P Beekley, B P Tana, Peter St. John, Seonah Kim, Abhishek Jain, Hyunguk Kwon, Yuan Xuan, Thomas Kesslerd, John H Mack and Lisa D Pfefferle, 2018, "Sooting tendencies of aromatic hydrocarbons with oxygen-containing side-chains", Proceedings of the Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Abhishek Jain and Yuan Xuan, 2017, "Influence of large aromatic species on soot formation in turbulent non-premixed jet flames", Proceedings of the 10th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Abhishek Jain and Yuan Xuan, 2017, "Effects of turbulent unsteadiness on aromatic species in a turbulent planar jet flame", Proceedings of the 10th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Paulo Paes, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2017, "Global and local response of premixed flames during flame-vortex interactions under distinct configurations", Proceedings of the 10th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Chowdhary Ashraf, Abhishek Jain, Yuan Xuan and Adrianus C van Duin, 2016, "First ever atomistic scale simulation of hydrocarbon ignition front propagation under supercritical conditions - Validation against experiment and continuum model", Proceedings of the Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Paulo Paes and Yuan Xuan, 2016, "Numerical investigation of kinetic energy dynamics during autoignition of n-heptane/air mixture", Proceedings of the Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Anandkumar Makwana, Abhishek Jain, Milton Linevsky, Suresh Iyer, Robert J Santoro, Thomas Litzinger, Yuan Xuan and Jacqueline O'Connor, 2016, "Effects of fuel structure on soot precursors in a laminar co-flow flame", Proceedings of the Eastern States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Nicholas Burali, Guillaume Blanquart and Yuan Xuan, 2015, "The validity of the constant non-unity Lewis number assumption in chemically-reacting flows", Proceedings of the 9th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2015, "Multi-dimensional flow effects on soot formation in laminar premixed flames", Proceedings of the 9th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan, Bruno Savard, Brock Bobbit and Guillaume Blanquart, 2014, "An efficient semi-implicit time-integration scheme for stiff chemical source terms", Proceedings of the Western States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan and G. Blanquart, 2014, "Direct numerical simulations of a reacting turbulent mixing layer", Proceedings of the Western States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "Large eddy simulation of a piloted turbulent jet flame", Proceedings of the Western States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "A new radiation model for tabulated chemistry based on steady state flamelets", Proceedings of the Western States Section Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "Impact of mixture fraction field curvature on chemical species transport in diffusion flames", Proceedings of the 8th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "A flamelet-based relaxation model for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in turbulent flames", Proceedings of the 8th US National Meeting of the Combustion Institute

Abstracts

  • Yash G Shah, Yuan Xuan and James G Brasseur, 2018, "Concurrent relationships between physical and Fourier space representations of 3D flow structures for LES of premixed turbulent combustion", 71st Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Yuan Xuan and James G Brasseur, 2018, "Inter-scale turbulence-chemistry couplings in premixed turbulent combustion for large-eddy simulations", 71st Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Yuan Xuan, Paulo K.L Paes and James G Brasseur, 2017, "Relationships between physical and Fourier space for large-eddy simulation of premixed turbulence combustion: transition from weak to strong vortices", 70th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Paulo K.L Paes, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2017, "Relationships between physical and Fourier space for large-eddy simulation of premixed turbulence combustion: multi-dimensional Fourier decomposition", 70th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Abhishek Jain and Yuan Xuan, 2016, "Effects of nucleating species on soot formation in turbulent non-premixed sooting jet flames", 69th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Paulo K.L Paes, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2016, "Representation of the essential flame-turbulence dynamics using specific flame-vortex interactions", 69th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Paulo K.L Paes, James G Brasseur and Yuan Xuan, 2015, "Numerical investigation of kinetic energy dynamics during auto-ignition of n-heptane/air mixture", 68th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Nicholas Buralo, Guillaume Blanquart and Yuan Xuan, 2014, "Validity of the constant non-unity Lewis number assumption in chemically reacting flows", 67th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Yuan Xuan, 2014, "Effects of small-scale energy injection on large scales in turbulent reaction flows", 67th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "Unsteady effects on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a turbulent jet flame", 66th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "A flamelet-based relaxation model for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in turbulent flames", 14th International Conference on Numerical Combustion, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
  • Yuan Xuan and Guillaume Blanquart, 2013, "Predicting sooting tendencies with a new flamelet-based model", 14th International Conference on Numerical Combustion, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
  • Yuan Xuan, Sidhartha Verma and Guillaume Blanquart, 2012, "Impact of numerical errors on the turbulent mixing of high Schmidt number passive scalars", 65th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics, American Physical Society

Research Projects

  • October 2019 - September 2022, "Development and Evaluation of a Novel Fuel Injector Design Method using Hybrid-Additive Manufacturing," (Sponsor: U.S. Department of Energy).
  • March 2016 - February 2021, "MIP: 2D Crystal Consortium (MIP-2DCC)," (Sponsor: National Science Foundation).
  • September 2016 - March 2020, "Interscale Turbulence-Chemistry Dynamics with Reduced Basis Representations," (Sponsor: Air Force Office of Scientific Research).
  • October 2018 - September 2019, "Renewal: Understanding and Modeling of Chemistry-Turbulence Interactions in Turbulent Reacting Flows," (Sponsor: The Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment - National Science Foundation).
  • December 2017 - May 2018, "Support for Student Travel for the Spring 2018 Technical Meeting of the Eastern State Section of the Combustion Institute," (Sponsor: National Science Foundation).
  • May 2017 - April 2018, "The Development of Yield-Based Sooting Tendency Measurements and Modeling to Enable Advanced Combustion Fuels," (Sponsor: Yale University).
  • July 2017 - June 2018, "Renewal: Understanding and Modeling of Chemistry-Turbulence Interactions in Turbulent Reacting Flows," (Sponsor: The Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment - National Science Foundation).
  • July 2016 - June 2017, "Renewal: Chemistry-Turbulence Interactions in Turbulent Reacting Flows," (Sponsor: The Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment - National Science Foundation).
  • April 2016 - June 2017, "Accurate Prediction of Soot Emissions and Morphology in Turbulent, Fuel-Flexible Combustors," (Sponsor: Penn State Institute of Energy and Environment).
  • July 2015 - June 2016, "Chemistry-Turbulence Interactions in Turbulent Reacting Flows," (Sponsor: The Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment - National Science Foundation).

Honors and Awards

Service

Service to Penn State:

Service to External Organizations:

 


 

About

With more than 60 faculty members, 330 graduate students, and 800 undergraduate students, the Penn State Department of Mechanical Engineering embraces a culture that welcomes individuals with a diversity of backgrounds and expertise. Our faculty and students are innovating today what will impact tomorrow’s solutions to meeting our energy needs, homeland security, biomedical devices, and transportation systems. We offer B.S. degrees in mechanical engineering as well as resident (M.S., Ph.D.) and online (M.S.) graduate degrees in mechanical engineering. See how we’re inspiring change and impacting tomorrow at me.psu.edu.

Department of Mechanical Engineering

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The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802-4400

Phone: 814-865-2519